Measures for the development of public transport in the regions discussed
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- Measures to develop public transport in the regions were discussed at a meeting with President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev on 30 November.
High-quality work of public transport increases the convenience of population movement and is one of the factors affecting the social well-being of citizens. Over the past 10 months, the People’s reception offices received more than 3 thousand applications in this area, which confirms the presence of many shortcomings in it.
A week ago, on 23 November, a project was considered on the management of public transport in the city of Tashkent and the development of the corresponding infrastructure. Then the head of state instructed to introduce this new system in other cities. The Ministry of Transport and khokimiyats studied the available opportunities and prepared proposals.
At today’s meeting, these proposals were discussed on the example of one district and one city in each region.
It is estimated that only 4.4 million out of 20 million use public transport in our country, or 22 percent of passengers. The lowest rates are in Andijan, Kashkadarya, Namangan, Khorezm, Samarkand, Fergana, Bukhara and Tashkent regions. 1.2 thousand villages are not connected by public transport with regional centers.
The President stressed the need to expand the scale and improve the quality of transport services between villages, district centers and the regional center.
For people, transport between cities, districts and villages should be convenient, safe and accessible. The people should be satisfied with these services, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
The possibility of subsidizing passenger transportation activities based on the distance between settlements and the number of passengers on the route was indicated. In this regard, the ministries of finance and transport were instructed to jointly develop a procedure for reimbursing part of the costs of transport enterprises serving intra-district routes. Starting next year, this new system will be implemented (after testing) in one of the districts of each region.
It was noted that the buses running between district and regional centers are outdated, some of them are in operation longer than the expected service life. The level of provision with buses per 100 thousand population is 24. In Surkhandarya, Kashkadarya, Namangan and Andijan regions, this figure is below 15. Next year, an additional 800 buses will be required to update the vehicle fleet.
It was emphasized that the cost of domestically produced buses is higher than that of foreign ones, in connection with which the importance of increasing the level of localization of the production of buses and minibuses was pointed out.
A procedure will be introduced to compensate transport companies for part of loans for the purchase of buses that exceed the base rate of the Central Bank, as well as to provide them with a guarantee.
Samarkand is one of the largest cities in the country, which is very popular among tourists. Therefore, the President paid special attention to the need to optimize public transport routes here.
The regional khokimiyat and responsible ministries were instructed to develop a draft master plan for creating a convenient transport system in Samarkand. It should provide for measures to increase the throughput of large intersections, organize the movement of buses in a dedicated lane, bring large buses to the route and reduce intervals.
Similar master plans will be developed for 30 cities of the country with the involvement of teachers and students of the Transport University in this process in order to increase the role of this university in the reforms of the transport system.
- For many years there was no scientific approach to transport and logistics issues. Lack of modern personnel is the most acute problem in this area, the President noted.
The need to open new and revise existing routes based on the needs of the population, reconstruction of bus stops, and involvement of the private sector was emphasized. It was noted that the implementation of measures in this direction will be studied on site, every three months the kengash of people’s deputies will hear reports from the heads of the transport system with the setting of specific tasks. It is indicated that the legislation in this area does not meet today’s requirements and needs to be improved.
Ministers, khokims and other responsible persons provided information on the discussed issues.