Legal Science challenges to implement new human rights initiatives
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) - On 4 March 2021, a round table was held on the topic "Challenges facing legal science and practice in the speech of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the 46th session of the UN Human Rights Council," organized by the National Center of the Republic of Uzbekistan on human rights in cooperation with the Institute of State and Law of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
At the event, it was noted that Uzbekistan, from 1 January 2021, for the first time began to fulfill membership in the UN Human Rights Council. Traditionally, within the framework of the spring session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, the work of the High-level Segment takes place, in which the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh.Mirziyoyev for the first time took part and acted as the head of state of a new member of the Council.
The event was attended by UN Secretary General António Guterres, High Commissioner for Human Rights Michel Bachelet, heads of state and government of 150 countries, foreign ministers and heads of several international and regional organizations.
Today, the speech of the President of Uzbekistan is being actively discussed not only by the international community, the general public, but also by expert circles.
In his speech, the head of state dwelled on the deepening of democratic transformations in our country and the priorities of our activities within the framework of the UN Human Rights Council.
The speech highlighted in detail the important tasks facing the parliament, the judiciary, civil society institutions and the legal community in the field of human rights protection, including human rights education, the right to a fair trial, and the prohibition of torture.
In Uzbekistan, ensuring the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of every person is a priority. This is evidenced by the results of the implementation of the National Strategy of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Human Rights, developed with the participation of experts from the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The national strategy plays an important role in improving the mechanism for the protection of human rights and the formation of a culture of human rights in our country. The document clearly sets out a systematic approach to human rights and the elimination of existing gaps and deficiencies.
As President Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted: "Uzbekistan, as a member of the Human Rights Council, will protect and actively promote the generally recognized principles and norms of international human rights law."
The head of state presented in detail the new initiatives and plans of Uzbekistan on human rights at the international, regional and national levels.
It was emphasized that the implementation of these obligations is carried out within the framework of the UN Global Agenda 2030 and that we are still at the beginning of a long journey in the field of human rights.
It should be noted that today a number of tasks and initiatives are already underway. In particular, it was suggested that a global forum be held jointly with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. This year marks the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training. Today, more than 20 UN member states have adopted national action programs for human rights education, and states are increasingly focusing on human rights education.
Within the framework of the National Strategy on Human Rights in educational institutions, practical work is underway to introduce training courses "Human Rights", "Women’s Rights" and "Rights of the Child", as well as the establishment of a joint (consortium) master’s program of training in the specialty "International Human Rights Law".
In addition, the National Center for Human Rights has established an Academic Council for obtaining doctoral degrees (DSc) and Ph.D. degrees in human rights, as well as training courses to improve skills in the field of human rights observance and protection.
The Coordination Council for the Development of Legal Sciences at the Institute of State and Law of the Academy of Sciences began its work. The Coordinating Council is a new academic body that will discuss and coordinate scientific research, provide recommendations on topical issues of scientific research, improve the training of scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel, form and implement the main directions of scientific research, develop topics for scientific research in the field of jurisprudence.
The participants emphasized the need to prepare scientifically based proposals in the framework of the implementation of new initiatives of Uzbekistan, in particular, the development of universal principles for the activities of judicial councils, the improvement of the National Preventive Mechanism for the Prevention of Torture, as well as the creation of a regional mechanism for the protection of human rights in Asia on the platform of the Samarkand Forum on Rights person.
The event, which was held in online and offline formats, was attended by scientists, teachers and researchers of educational and scientific institutions, as well as law faculties from Karakalpakstan and regions of the country.