The concept of “Comfortable and safe mahalla” to be implemented in Uzbekistan
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- A video-conference on improving the mahalla institution, strengthening peace and tranquility, and local crime prevention took place on 12 February under the chairmanship of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
The mahalla is one of the most important links in our society. Over the past three years, a number of practical measures have been taken to develop it.
In particular, 38 laws and regulations were adopted, more than 50 regulatory documents were improved. Workers in the field who have distinguished themselves in social activities have been awarded state awards. Last year alone, the salary of the chairmen and executive secretaries of citizens rallies was increased by 1.5 times.
Over the past three years, new buildings were built for 624 gatherings of citizens, 2 thousand 265 structures were reconstructed and repaired. Mahalla centers were erected in 102 district centers and cities. In each gathering of citizens, “Councils of Elders” are organized, as well as libraries in the buildings of more than 4,000 gatherings.
Over the past three years, through the joint efforts of mahalla activists, responsible organizations and prevention inspectors, about 87 thousand families have raised their standard of living and ceased to be considered poor.
The President noted that neither the people nor the state are satisfied with the current system of activity of the mahalla, in this area many shortcomings and problems have accumulated.
In particular, more than 18 thousand people work in citizens’ self-government bodies, but their activities are not organized efficiently. There is no system to prevent factors that negatively affect the socio-spiritual situation in families. As a result, the number of troubled families and offenses has increased. Cases of suicide among women and minors are alarming.
The meeting pointed out the problems associated with divorce, early childbirth, spiritual and moral education.
- While the ancient and noble concept of family sanctity is depreciating, our centuries-old national values are being eroded, such painful cases cannot be eliminated. For this, the mahalla must turn into a great social force. After all, activists and elders who have seen a lot in their lifetime, if they want, are able, with public support, to solve any problem, to direct the mistaken youth to the right path, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
At the meeting, problems were noted directly in the mahallas, attention was paid to questions of supporting and strengthening the material and technical base of citizens’ self-government bodies.
So, today 1 thousand 234 gatherings of citizens are placed in buildings of various organizations or in premises owned by entrepreneurs. More than a thousand gatherings function in social institutions, 78 in the buildings of neighboring gatherings, buildings 48 are in disrepair. There is no uniform procedure for paying utility bills for the maintenance of these premises throughout the country.
Staff turnover in the mahalla system has become commonplace. Despite the ban on attracting employees of the mahalla institute to work unusual for them, at meetings and other events, no noticeable positive changes in this direction are observed.
Citizens ‘meetings have over 200 functions. At the same time, no one thought how the gatherings would cope with such a volume of work, having only 2 full-time units. Khokims or kengashes of people’s deputies have never discussed at their meetings the issue of increasing the effectiveness of the mahalla.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, presenting the recent Message to the Oliy Majlis, noted the need to transform the mahalla system, to implement the concept of “Comfortable and Safe Mahalla”.
At a video conference, the issues of implementing this principle and reforming the mahalla system were discussed in detail.
The head of state noted the need to consolidate efforts to effectively solve the problems and shortcomings that have accumulated in the mahallas, to ensure peace and tranquility. A proposal has been put forward to create a separate state body responsible for this enormous sphere - the Ministry for Mahalla and Family Affairs.
It was noted that the new ministry will unite more than 40 thousand workers of makhallas and departments of the republican level, will ensure their united and coordinated work in the name of a common goal. In short, a holistic and effective vertical system for resolving problems on the ground will be created.
The First Deputy Minister will be identified as responsible for issues of the family, women and the social and spiritual environment. Another deputy will deal with issues of social support for the elderly, educating young people in the spirit of patriotism. The position of the deputy responsible for the development of family entrepreneurship and small business, homestead farming and landscaping, environmental issues and employment promotion will be introduced.
The Minister will preside over the Mahalla Foundation, the First Deputy Minister at the Public Fund for Women and Family Support, and the Deputy Minister for the Elderly and Veterans at the Nuroniy Foundation.
The heads of territorial administrations and departments of the ministry will be simultaneously deputy hokims. The status of heads of departments for the prevention of crime will be upgraded to deputy heads of the respective departments of internal affairs. The Ministry of Mahalla and Family Affairs will work closely with the Ministry of the Interior.
In the new structure, priority will be given to working with women. Employees of women’s committees and mahallas will continue their activities in the new structure, their status, terms of remuneration and material incentives will increase significantly.
The term of office of the chairmen of the mahalla will be extended from three to five years. The chairman will have three deputies. From now on, inspectors for prevention will simultaneously occupy the position of deputy chairman of a gathering of citizens on law and order. This post will be appointed for a term of five years.
The public commissions operating at makhallas will be optimized in 12 areas, the work of which does not bring the expected result.
The meeting addressed issues of strengthening the financial and economic foundations of the mahalla institute.
It was determined that from 1 March, the salaries of the chairmen and his deputies will be increased by an average of 1.35 times.
Common criteria for evaluating the activities of makhalla workers and prevention inspectors will be developed, and it is planned to introduce a rating of their performance. Exemplary mahallas will be honorably encouraged.
Within the framework of the programs “Every family is an entrepreneur”, “Youth is our future”, “Handicraft”, mahallas will receive loans at low interest rates for entrepreneurship. At the expense of these funds it will be possible to open hairdressing salons, bakeries, handicraft workshops, sewing, confectionery shops, teahouses and guzars.
The Ministry of Finance is tasked with developing carefully thought-out fundamentals of financial support for mahallas. The responsible ministries and departments were given the task of strengthening the material and technical base of the mahallas, introducing modern information and digital technologies into their activities.
From now on, gatherings of citizens will be engaged in the implementation of the concept of “A well-maintained and safe mahalla”, issues of ensuring a stable social and spiritual atmosphere and tranquility, broad involvement of the population in entrepreneurship, prevention of illegal land acquisition, and land improvement.
It is determined that more than 50 functions that are not inherent in the activities of citizens ‘gatherings will be canceled, the load of preventive inspectors will be significantly reduced. The mahalla chairmen will be given additional rights, their status and authority will be enhanced.
Responsible persons are given instructions on the introduction of a new system based on the principle of “Comfortable and safe mahalla”, the creation of stage works and feature films that foster a sense of respect for the mahalla and national values.
The necessity of expanding the list of administrative offenses, the consideration of which is referred to the competence of inspectors for prevention, is noted in order to form an effective system for early warning of offenses in makhallas.
The Ministry of the Interior was tasked with studying the conditions created for inspectors and strengthening the material and technical base of strong points. At the same time, it was entrusted with a critical review of the activities of inspectors and the appointment of worthy employees to this position.
The issues of building complexes of citizens ‘gatherings on the basis of public-private partnerships, and the placement of gatherings in empty buildings were also touched upon.
The importance of using the experience of the older generation in strengthening the atmosphere of harmony and mutual respect in the mahallas, enhancing feelings of patriotism and industriousness among young people is noted.
In order to expand the scope of research on the issues of the mahalla and the family, as well as put their results into practice, instructions have been given for organizing the Mahalla wa oila research institute on the basis of the Oila and Mahalla Ziyoshi centers.
The head of state, noting that the mahalla is a mirror of our national mentality and plays an important role in society, proposed to proclaim on 22 March as the day of workers of the mahalla system.
On the issues discussed at the video conference, they heard information from those in charge, representatives of the older generation and mahalla activists.